If you have any questions, comments, or concerns regarding Liber, please contact liberexeter@gmail.com.

© 2020 Liber

Letter from the Editor

Dear Reader,


“Not only are many of the Greeks bad, but many of the Barbarians are refined” (πολλοὺς γὰρ καὶ τῶν Ἑλλήνων εἶναι κακοὺς καὶ τῶν βαρβάρων ἀστείους), noted Alexander the Great, whose conquests took him across modern-day Europe, Asia, and Africa. It is with great pleasure that I present to you the third issue of Liber, themed “the Others.” After publishing our second issue on the theme of “Women” last spring, we decided to expand Liber’s margins to include “the Others,” often called “Barbarians” in classical antiquity, so that we could paint an even fuller picture of the ancient world. 


In this issue, you will find articles on ancient Greek and Roman perspectives on the Others, including those of notable historical figures such as Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar, as well as the historian Tacitus and playwright Aeschylus. You will also find articles on modern interpretations of ancient works such as Wole Soyinka’s The Bacchae of Euripides, Mary Renault’s The Persian Boy, and Toni Morrison’s Beloved. We were fortunate enough to have two guest contributions for this issue: “‘Others’ and the ‘Other’ in Greco-Roman Antiquity” by Professor Rebecca Futo Kennedy of Denison University and “In Ancient and Permanent Language: Latin Inscriptions on Memorials in New York City” by Professor Matthew M. McGowan of Fordham University. 


I am very grateful to everyone who submitted their work to this issue of Liber as well as to our Liber board members and advisor, Mr. Langford, for their continued hard work and dedication.


I hope this issue gives you a chance to reflect on the Others of the past and the present as we live in a world of ever growing diversity. 

Sophia Cho